European Crowns

German States

1632. GERMANY, Augsburg (Stadt). Gustav II Adolf der Große (the Great). As King of Sweden, 1611-1632. Taler (42mm, 28.98 g, 12h). DAV-4543; Forster 240; KM A68. Swedish occupation issue. Dated 1632. (rosette) GVSTAV : ADOLPH : D : G · SVECO : GOTHO : VANDALO : REX · MAG, laureate, draped, and armored bust facing slightly right / PRINC : FINLAND : DVX ETHO : ET · CARDOM : ING, crowned coat-of-arms of Sweden. Stunning GEM, deep iridescent toning. NGC MS-65.

Ex Richard A. Jourdan Collection, purchased from Stephen Harvey, December 1992.

Augsburg’s coinage vividly records changes in the city’s leadership during the Thirty Years’ War. This taler was minted in the name of Gustavus Adolphus, the Swedish king who occupied the predominantly Protestant city beginning in 1632. Only a few years after this coin was produced, the Habsburgs recaptured Augsburg, and the city resumed producing coins in the name of the Holy Roman Emperor.

1669. GERMAN STATES. Saxe-New-Gotha. Ernst I Taler.  Obv: Bride and groom hold hands under a dove and the divine glory, Hebrew lettering of Jehovah, with rays descending on marriage of Ernst's son Frederick and Magdalena Sybilla of Weissenfels. Rev: 12-line inscription. KM-25; DAV-7449; Schnee 425; Steguweit 22. Extremely rare, Krause notes a mintage of just 747 pieces. Lovely olive and gold toning. NGC MS-62.

1693. German States. Henneberg-Ilmenau Taler. Mintmaster Sebastian Altmann. DAV 7481; KM-14; Müseler Supplement 56.6 / 4 a; Snow 619; Coll. Vogelsang 782 var. Issued to commemorate the yield of the mines in Ilmenau. Obv: Two ornamented helmets and crested shields of Saxony and Henneberg including mountain and metallurgical implements supported by miners. Rev: Crowned hen to the right, under the radiant name of Jehovah, in the section "Signatur BA". NGC AU-58.

1776. German States. Free Hanseatic city of Lubeck. Taler in the name of Emperor Joseph II. DAV-2422. Behrens 197b. 43.5mm, 29.2gr. Engraver: Hermann David Friederichsen. Obv: Half-length facing figure of St. John the Baptist with lamb, below the shield of mayor's arms in baroque frame. Date is at end of legend. Lettering: MONETA. NOVA - LUBECENSIS 1776. Rev: Crowned imperial double-headed eagle, with shield of city arms on breast. The mintmaster's initials are below tail. Lettering: IOSEPHUS. II. - ROM. IMP. S. AUG. H.D.F.  PCGS MS-64.


Lubeck, long a Hanseatic city, retained her independence until the arrival of Napoleonic armies about 1806. Her freedom was restored in 1813 and the free city status maintained until the 1930's. It is now part of the state of Schleswig-Holstein. 

1791 ICK. GERMAN STATES. Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt 1/2 Taler. Friedrich Karl. Saalfeld. KM 133; Jaeger 20; Fischer 587.Obv: Bust of Friederick Karl facing left. Rev: Two nude bushmen aside the coat of arms. Superb lustrous gem, attractively toned. NGC MS-65.


1750s. Austra - Habsburg Territories. Cities in the Habsburg lands. Kremnitz Mint. Rare Dicker Double Schautaler (St. Georgstaler), ND (18th Century Issue). Engraved by Heinrich Fuchs. 61.74gr. Obv: St. George riding right, slaying the dragon. Reverse: Wind god blows to right. Christ and two apostles on ship. Huszar (Voglhuber 23, listed as a simple Schautaler). RR Very attractive item. Huszar has this piece as engraved by Heinrich Fuchs who worked at the Kremnitz mint during the mid-18th century. He suspects that under the wing of the dragon on the left is the medalist’s signature. NGC AU-55.

1780. Poland. Courland. Peter Biron (1769-1795) Albertus Taler. DAV-1624. Kopicki 4104. KM-32; Salv-89. Neumann 334, Kruggel/Gerbasevskis 7.1. Cr-23; Hcz-3410. Obv: Bust of Duke Peter Biron head right. Reverse: Crowned arms of Poland and Lithuania draped by a wreath and are atop a decorated frame. Original mint luster and beautiful, delicate silvery lilac surfaces. A special piece. Courland is situated in what is today western Latvia, From 1561 to 1795, the area was a semi-independent duchy. The land was owned by nobles descended from German invaders. In 1795, the last of these nobles, Peter Biron, sold the territory to Russia. The kingdom of Poland, weakened by the devastation of the Great Northern War (1700-21), fell under the domination of her neighbors, Prussia, Russia and Austria. Stanislas Leszczinski, a former lover of Catherine the Great, was installed as her puppet king on the death of the Saxon August III. When he proved to be insufficiently pliant, the partitions began. In three slices, in 1772, 1793 and 1795, the entire state was devoured. Even then, Stanislas could not rally the greedy and selfish Polish nobility to defend the country. Courland, now part of Latvia, was conquered by the Teutonic Knights in the Middle Ages and held by them until the Reformation led to their collapse. The region was contended by Sweden, Russia and Poland, with Russia the eventual winner. Duke Peter's father, Ernst Johann, lover to Russian empress Anna, was installed as a puppet ruler in 1737. Superb, beautiful, lustrous GEM. NGC graded MS-66. Finest graded.

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