Coinage

In 1789, Brabant Revolution took place in reaction to liberal reforms made by Joseph II and the Austrian occupation of Belgium. After Austrian forces were defeated by the rebels at the Battle of Turnhout in 1789, Austrian forces withdrew from the country. On 11 January 1790, the counties and dukedoms which had made up the Austrian Netherlands became one country, the United States of Belgium. The United States of Belgium coinage was issued in eight denominations divided into Liards, Sols, and Florins. It was only produced during the short one year lifespan of the country meaning that all examples are dated 1790.

The types minted were:

  1. Liard, with the Latin legend "Ad Usus Foederate Belgii
  2. Double Liard, "Ad Usus Foederate Belgii"
  3. 10 Sols, "In Unione Salus"
  4. Florin, "In Unione Salus"
  5. 3 Florins (the so-called Lion d'Argent), "Domini est Regnum"
  6. 10 Florins (the so-called Lion d'Or), "Domini est Regnum"
  7. One type of gold coin - worth 14 Florins and known as the "Golden Lion" - was minted during the insurrection with the same design as the lower denomination silver Florin coins.

The iconography on the coinage stressed the unity of the state. On the Florin, this was represented by the individual display of all the coats-of-arms of the 11 states which had merged; on the 10 sols, it was represented by ten arrows behind a two shaking hands.

Liard, with the Latin legend "Ad Usus Foederate Belgii"

2 Liard "Ad Usum Foederati Belgii"

10 Sols, "In Unione Salus"
Florin, "In Unione Salus"

1790. Austrian Netherlands. Belgium Insurrection. Florin. Brussels Mint. Mintage: 15,000. KM-48. Obverse: Lion rampant r., In Unione Salus
"Salvation in Union". Reverse: Hands grasp a bundle of 11 arrows representing 11 provinces: East Flanders, West Flanders, Brabant, Hainault, Tournai, Namur, Luxembourg, Liège, Limburg, Antwerp and Mechelen. KM 48. Struck during the revolution against Emperor Joseph II's anti-clerical innovations in the church. A stunner and finest known. PCGS MS-67.

1790. Austrian Netherlands. Belgium Insurrection. Florin. Brussels Mint. Mintage: 25,000. KM-49. Obv: Lion rampant r., Domini est Regnum
"Our Kingdom is the Lord's". Rev. Two hands shaking, grasp a bundle of 11 arrows representing 11 provinces: East Flanders, West Flanders, Brabant, Hainault, Tournai, Namur, Luxembourg, Liège, Limburg, Antwerp and Mechelen. ET IPSE DOMINABITUR GENTIUM (and He Himself rules the nations.). Struck during the revolution against Emperor Joseph II's anti-clerical innovations in the church. A stunner and finest known. PCGS MS-66.

3 Florins (the so-called Lion d'Argent), "Domini est Regnum"
10 Florins (the so-called Lion d'Or), "Domini est Regnum"
14 Florins and known as the "Golden Lion"

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