The coinage of the Roman Empire for the three and a half centuries following the death of Julius Caesar in 44 BC is conventionally classified by scholars as either ‘Roman imperial coinage’ or as ‘Roman provincial coinage’. The imperial coinage was produced under imperial authority, mostly at Rome in the Antonine period, and circulated widely.Coins struck in the name of cities represent the most common type of provincial coinage. Except for a small number of silver issues, cities produced bronze coins, which circulated locally and provided the majority of small change in the Eastern half of the Roman Empire. During the Julio-Claudian period civic bronze coins were also made in the West, in Spain, Gaul, Italy, Sardinia, Sicily, Africa Proconsularis, and Mauretania, but by the Antonine period civic coinage was an exclusively eastern phenomenon. Cities sometimes struck issues to celebrate ‘alliances’ with another city (or sometimes more than one).
ROMAN EMPIRE. Provincial Issue of Seleucis and Pieria. Laodicea Ad Mare, Under Septimius Severus, AD 193-211. AR Tetradrachm. 27mm, 13.65 gr. Obv. Laureate and draped bust of Septimius right. Rev. Eagle holding wreath in its beak and looking left, star below. Prieur 1149. A truly magnificent and expressive portrait of Septimius in the dramatic style of the Antonine Period. NGC Ch. AU 5/5, 5/5. Fine Style.
Roman Provincial. SYRIA UNDER ROME. Antioch. Aulus Gabinius, as Proconsul (57-55 BC). AR Tetradrachm. 25mm, 15.16gr. Obv: In the name and types of Philip I Philadelphus. Diademed head right Rev: Zeus seated left on throne, holding scepter and palladion; 'Gabinius' monogram in left field; all within wreath. RPC 4124; McAlee 1; Prieur 1. NGC AU★ 5/5, 5/5.
MESOPOTAMIA. Carrhae. Caracalla (198-217 AD). BI tetradrachm. 26mm, 16.13gr. Cos. IV (AD 215-217). Obv: Radiate head of Caracalla right. Rev: Eagle standing facing, looking right, holding wreath in beak; above left wing, crescent; between legs, star; in exergue, two pellets. Prieur 830. Large flan with lovely toning all around. NGC AU 5/5, 5/5.