As the Romans became the dominant force in the Mediterranean, their coins were produced in greater numbers and with a wide variety of designs. When the Roman Republic evolved into the Roman Empire in the late first century BC, their coins began depicting the Emperor on the obverse, and including their name and copious titles in the inscription. The reverses often show gods or personifications of colonies that had been captured.
Roman Empire. Domitian (81-96 AD) AR Denarius. Rome mint, 88 AD. 19mm, 3.79gr. Obv: Bust laureate right, aegis with Medusa head and snakes on front shoulder and behind neck. Rev: Minerva advancing right, brandishing spear and holding shield. RIC 574. Very rare with aegis on portrait in 88 AD, an attribute that was normal on denarii only several years earlier, in 84-85 AD. Ex Jon Kern Collection. Ch AU★ 5/5, 5/5.
Roman Empire. Caracalla 198-217 AD. Rome Mint. AR Double Denarius. 23mm, 6.12gr. Obv: Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right. Rev: Serapis standing facing, head left, extending hand and holding scepter. RIC 263d; BMC 128; RSC 295b. In hand this coins looks as it was struck today. Superb detail and style. MS 5/5, 5/5, Fine Style.
ROMAN EMPIRE. DIOCLETIAN, AD 284-305. AR Argenteus, 20mm, 2.87gr. Ticinum, minted ca. AD 295. Obv. DIOCLETI ANVS AVG, laureate head right within dotted border. Rev. VIRTVS MILITVM, the Tetrarchs sacrificing in front of fortified city walls. RIC 18a. NGC graded as Ch. MS★ 5/5, 5/5, with pleasing iridescent highlights.
ROMAN EMPIRE. Maximian, first reign. 286-305 AD. AR Argenteus (18mm, 2.77gr, 12h). Siscia Mint in 294 AD. Obv: MAXIMIA-NVS AVG, laureate head of Maximian right. Rev: VIRTVS MILITVM, the four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before city enclosure with eight turrets. RIC VI 32b. A superb specimen, perfectly struck and attractively toned. NGC MS★ 5/5, 5/5.
Constantius I. A.D. 305-306. AR Argenteus, (19 mm, 3.57gr). Serdica. Obv: Laureate head of Constantius I right. Rev: Camp gate with three turrets; ·SM·SD(Delta)·. RIC 11a; G. Gautier, "Le monnayage d'argent de Serdica après la réforme de Dioclétien," RN XXXIII (1991), 25; RSC 304A. Rare issue struck after Constantius I became senior emperor. NGC Ch. MS 5/5, 5/5.
ROMAN EMPIRE. CONSTANTIUS I, AD 305-306. AR Argenteus. 17mm, 3.20gr. Rome Mint, 1st officina, ca. AD 295-297. Obv. CONSTANTIVS CAES, laureate head right. Rev. VIRTVS MILITVM, four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod, city walls behind them, A in exergue. RIC VI 42a; Jeločnik 75; Hunter 26; RSC 314†b. NGC Ch MS 5/5, 5/5.