The Ptolemaic Kingdom was a Hellenistic kingdom in Egypt. It was ruled by the Ptolemaic dynasty that Ptolemy I Soter founded after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC—which ended with the death of Cleopatra VII and the Roman conquest in 30 BC.
The Ptolemaic Kingdom was founded in 305 BC by Ptolemy I Soter, who declared himself Pharaoh of Egypt and created a powerful Hellenistic dynasty that ruled an area stretching from southern Syria to Cyrene and south to Nubia. Alexandria became the capital city and a center of Greek culture and trade. To gain recognition by the native Egyptian populace, they named themselves the successors to the Pharaohs. The later Ptolemies took on Egyptian traditions by marrying their siblings, had themselves portrayed on public monuments in Egyptian style and dress, and participated in Egyptian religious life. The Ptolemies had to fight native rebellions and were involved in foreign and civil wars that led to the decline of the kingdom and its annexation by Rome. Hellenistic culture continued to thrive in Egypt throughout the Roman and Byzantine periods until the Muslim conquest.
EGYPT. PTOLEMAIC KINGS. PTOLEMY II PHILADELPHOS, 285-246 BC. Silver tetradrachm, 14.18 g., 25 mm. Minted at the GAZA mint and dated Regnal Year 37 (249/248 BC). Obv. Diademed bust of Ptolemy I right. Rev. Eagle standing on thunderbolt to left, ΓA monogram above AN monogram in left field, ΛZ (date) above Z in right field. Svoronos 833; SNG Copenhagen 459; Noeske –; BMC 141; Meydancikkale 4029–30. NGC graded AU★ 5/5, 4/5, Fine Style. Light multicolored iridescent highlights, an exceptional coin with a great portrait and a very rare variety.
From the Leo & Paula Gorelkin Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Review 19.2 (Second Quarter 1994), no. 138.
EGYPT. PTOLEMAIC KINGDOM. PTOLEMY VI, 180-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm, 26mm, 14.03gr, struck at Alexandria 180-170 BC. Obv. Diademed bust of Ptolemy I right, within dotted circle. Rev. ΠΤΟΛEMAIOY ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, eagle standing on thunderbolt to left, within dotted circle. Svoronos 1489; SNG Copenhagen 267; Dewing 2766. Exceptional iridescence. NGC Ch AU★ 5/5, 5/5.