Macedonia or Macedon was an ancient Greek kingdom. Centered in the northeastern part of the Greek peninsula, the kingdom was bordered by Epirus to the west, Paeonia to the north, the region of Thrace to the east and Thessaly to the south. The rise of Macedon, from a small kingdom at the periphery of Classical Greek affairs, to one which came to dominate the entire Hellenic world, occurred under the reign of Philip II.


For a brief period, after the conquests of Alexander the Great, it became the most powerful state in the world, controlling a territory that included the former Persian empire, stretching as far as the Indus River; at that time it inaugurated the Hellenistic period of Ancient Greek civilization.

MACEDONIAN KINGDOM. Alexander III, the Great. 336–323 BC. AR Tetradrachm, 26mm, 17.27gr., lifetime or early posthumous issue minted at "Amphipolis", Macedonia , ca. 323-320 BC. Obv. Head of young Herakles right in lion skin headdress. Rev. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, Athena Promachos right in left field. Price 109. Superb coin for the type. NGC MS★ 5/5, 5/5.

Alexander III the Great (336-323 BC).  AR tetradrachm. 26mm, 17.15 gr. Pella Mint, posthumous issue under Cassander as regent, ca. 317/6-315/4 BC. Obv: Head of Heracles right wearing lion-skin headdress / ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus seated on backless throne left, holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left. Rev: Boeotian shield in left field, coiled serpent under throne. Price 249. Cleanly struck in choice metal, finely styled and fully lustrous. NGC Ch AU★ 5/5, 5/5. Fine Style

KINGDOM OF MACEDON. Demetrius Poliorcetes ( Demetrios Poliorketes ), 306-283 BC. AR Tetradrachm. 27mm, 16.99gr. Minted at Thebes, ca. 289-287 BC. Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius with bull’s horns to right. Rev. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ Poseidon standing left, holding trident and with foot raised on rock, monogram in lower right field. Newell 141 (unlisted dies); Pozzi 964. Exceptionally realistic portrait of Demetrius, with a marvelously expressive physiognomy quite unlike the classicizing heads normally seen on his coinage. NGC Ch. XF 5/5, 5/5. Fine Style.


Ex Berk BBS 150 (8 August 2006), lot 156.

KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. AR Drachm (17mm, 3.89 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Miletos mint. Struck circa 295/4 BC. Obv: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin. Rev: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; monogram in left field, labrys below throne. Newell 49; Price 2148 corr. (monogram); ADM I Series XIII. Superb EF, toned. Well centered.

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 318 (15 January 2014), lot 94.

MACEDONIAN KINGDOM.  Alexander III, the Great, posthumous issue struck at Chios, 290-275 BC. AR Drachm, 19mm, 4.12gr. Obv. Head of young Herakles right wearing the skin of the Nemean lion, within dotted border. Rev.  ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus enthroned left, holding scepter and eagle, monogram (M within circle) above grapes in left field. Price 2324. NGC graded Ch. MS★ 5/5, 5/5 Fine Style. Very rare, none currently listed in Pella.

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