Macedonia

Macedonia or Macedon was an ancient Greek kingdom. Centered in the northeastern part of the Greek peninsula, the kingdom was bordered by Epirus to the west, Paeonia to the north, the region of Thrace to the east and Thessaly to the south. The rise of Macedon, from a small kingdom at the periphery of Classical Greek affairs, to one which came to dominate the entire Hellenic world, occurred under the reign of Philip II.

 

For a brief period, after the conquests of Alexander the Great, it became the most powerful state in the world, controlling a territory that included the former Persian empire, stretching as far as the Indus River; at that time it inaugurated the Hellenistic period of Ancient Greek civilization.

MACEDONIAN KINGDOM. Philip II, 359–336 BC. AR Tetradrachm, 25 mm., 14.51gr., ca. 355-349 BC, Lifetime Issue from the mint of Amphipolis. Obv. Laureate head of Zeus right, within dotted border. Rev. Rider with petasus and cloak to left, raising his hand to salute, M below foreleg of horse. Le Rider 54 (D29/R47); SNG ANS 467. NGC graded AU, Strike 4/5, Surface 5/5, FINE STYLE. A coin of marvelous style, truly a miniature work of art.

MACEDONIAN KINGDOM. PHILIP II, 359-336 BC. Gold Stater, 18mm, 8.60 gr. Lifetime-Early posthumous issue from Pella, ca. 340-328 BC. Obv. Laureate head of Apollo right. Rev. ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, charioteer driving in a biga right, thunderbolt below horse's legs. Le Rider 61 (same dies), Le Rider cites two specimens of this die variety. NGC graded Ch AU 5/5, 5/5. 

MACEDONIAN KINGDOM. Alexander III, the Great. 336–323 BC. AR Tetradrachm, 26mm, 17.27gr., lifetime or early posthumous issue minted at "Amphipolis", Macedonia , ca. 323-320 BC. Obv. Head of young Herakles right in lion skin headdress. Rev. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, Athena Promachos right in left field. Price 109. Superb coin for the type. NGC MS★ 5/5, 5/5.

MACEDONIAN KINGDOM.  Alexander III, the Great, 336-323 BC.  AR Tetradrachm, 28mm, 17.09gr. Mint of Memphis, Egypt, struck by Ptolemy I ca. 323-317 BC, immediately following Alexander’s death. Obv. Head of young Hercules right in lion skin headdress. Rev. ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, rose in left field,  ΔI-O below throne. Price 3971; Zervos Issue 2B, obv. die 207. Formerly in the collection of the MoneyMuseum, Zurich, acquired from CNG 45 (3/18/1998, lot 215). Published: U. Kampmann, Drachme, Dirhem, Taler, Pfund – Geld und Währungen in der Geschichte. Von den Anfängen bis zum EURO (Zurich, 2000), p. 18 = U. Kampmann, Menschengesichter. Götter, Herrscher, Ideale – das Antlitz des Menschen im Münzbild (Zurich, 2005), 7 (this coin). An exceptional pedigreed example of Alexander’s most sought-after tetradrachm variety. NGC Ch XF★ 5/5, 5/5. Fine Style.

Alexander III the Great (336-323 BC).  AR tetradrachm. 26mm, 17.15 gr. Pella Mint, posthumous issue under Cassander as regent, ca. 317/6-315/4 BC. Obv: Head of Heracles right wearing lion-skin headdress / ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus seated on backless throne left, holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left. Rev: Boeotian shield in left field, coiled serpent under throne. Price 249. Cleanly struck in choice metal, finely styled and fully lustrous. NGC Ch AU★ 5/5, 5/5. Fine Style

KINGDOM OF MACEDON. Demetrius Poliorcetes ( Demetrios Poliorketes ), 306-283 BC. AR Tetradrachm. 27mm, 16.99gr. Minted at Thebes, ca. 289-287 BC. Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius with bull’s horns to right. Rev. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ Poseidon standing left, holding trident and with foot raised on rock, monogram in lower right field. Newell 141 (unlisted dies); Pozzi 964. Exceptionally realistic portrait of Demetrius, with a marvelously expressive physiognomy quite unlike the classicizing heads normally seen on his coinage. NGC Ch. XF 5/5, 5/5. Fine Style.

 

Ex Berk BBS 150 (8 August 2006), lot 156.

KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. AR Drachm (17mm, 3.89 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Miletos mint. Struck circa 295/4 BC. Obv: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin. Rev: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; monogram in left field, labrys below throne. Newell 49; Price 2148 corr. (monogram); ADM I Series XIII. Superb EF, toned. Well centered.

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 318 (15 January 2014), lot 94.

MACEDONIAN KINGDOM.  Alexander III, the Great, posthumous issue struck at Chios, 290-275 BC. AR Drachm, 19mm, 4.12gr. Obv. Head of young Herakles right wearing the skin of the Nemean lion, within dotted border. Rev.  ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus enthroned left, holding scepter and eagle, monogram (M within circle) above grapes in left field. Price 2324. NGC graded Ch. MS★ 5/5, 5/5 Fine Style. Very rare, none currently listed in Pella.

KINGDOM OF MACEDON.  PERSEUS, 179-168 BC. Pseudo-Rhodian AR Drachm. 16mm, 2.63gr. Obv. Head of Helios.Rev. Rose,  EΡMIAΣ magistrate. SNG Keckman 795. Golden iridescent highlights. NGC graded Ch. MS 5/5, 5/5.

MACEDONIA. ROMAN PROVINCE (FIRST MERIS), 167-148 BC. AR Tetradrachm. 33mm, 16.70gr. Obv. Draped bust of Artemis right, within decorated Macedonian shield. Rev. ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ ΠΡΤΗΣ above and below club, A monogram above, all within wreath, thunderbolt in extreme left field. Prokopov, Silver 174 (O48/R146); SNG Copenhagen 1310–1. Struck on a broad, medallic planchet. NGC graded AU★ 5/5, 5/5.  

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