Illyria & Central Greece

Central Greece has more mountains than northern Greece. It contains the countries of Aetolia, Locris, Acarnania, Doris, Phocis, Boeotia, Attica, and Megaris. Boeotia and Attica are separated by Mt. Cithaeron. In northeast Attica is Mt. Pentelicus home of the famous marble. South of Pentelicus is the Hymettus mountain range, which is famous for its honey. Attica had a poor soil, but a long coastline favoring trade. Megaris lies in the Isthmus of Corinth, which separates central Greece from the Peloponnese. The Megarans raised sheep and made woolen products and pottery. Illyria, northwestern part of the Balkan Peninsula, inhabited from about the 10th century bc onward by the Illyrians, an Indo-European people. At the height of their power the Illyrian frontiers extended from the Danube River southward to the Adriatic Sea and from there eastward to the Šar Mountains.

Attica. Athens. Ca. 454-404 BC. Silver AR Tetradrachm, 17.00 g., 26 mm. Obv. Helmeted head of Athena right. Rev. Owl standing to right, olive sprig and crescent behind, all within incuse square. Kroll 8; SNG Copenhagen 31; Dewing 1591-1598. A superbly centered specimen with unusually high relief. NGC graded as Ch AU★ 5/5, 5/5, Fine Style.

ATTICA. Athens. Ca. 165-42 BC. AR "New Style" tetradrachm (30mm, 16.74 gm, 1h). Struck 88/7 BC, Apellikon, Gorgias, and Argios, magistrates. Head of Athena right, wearing triple-crested Attic helmet ornamented with leaping griffin / Α-ΘE, owl standing right on amphora; magistrates ΑΠ-ΕΛ-ΛΙ-ΚΩΝ, ΓΟΡ-ΓΙ-ΑΣ and ΑΡΓΙΟΣ; in right field, griffin springing right; Λ on amphora, Δ[Α] below; all within wreath. Thompson 1140c. Sharply struck from fresh dies and attractively toned. NGC Ch AU★ 5/5, 5/5.

From The Lexington Collection of Jonathan K. Kern

THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 450/40-420 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 6.09 g, 3h). Obv: Thessalos left, wearing petasos and chlamys, holding band across head of bull left. Rev: Bridled horse right, trailing rein, within incuse square. Lorber, Thessalian 52 (and same obv. die as 54); BCD Thessaly II 173. Attractively toned, lovely style. NGC XF★ 5/5, 5/5, Fine Style.

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